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Simonswald dialect

Simonswald dialect

mill in winter

     Dialect spoken in Simonswald is Alemannic and belongs to the Upper German branch of Germanic language. Upper German is a family of High German dialects spoken primarily in southern part of Germany, Austria, Switzerland and Northern Italy. Allemania lost its coherence when Mr Charles Martel absorbed it into the Frankish empire, early in the 8th century. Today, Alemannic is a linguistic term, encompassing also the Simonswald dialect and extents to two thirds of Baden-W?rttemberg, Western Bavaria, Vorarlberg in Austria, German-speaking part of Switzerland and Alsace (France).

Alemannic comprises the following variants:

  •      High Alemannic (Switzerland, Vorarlberg, and Simonswald)
  •      Highest Alemannic (Bernese Oberland, Switzerland)
  •      Low Alemannic
  •      Alsacian (Alsace, France)
  •      Alemán Coloneiro (Venezuela)
  •      Swabian (around Stuttgart, Schwaben, Germany)

     The Allemanni were a Germanic tribe. As the name indicates, they were a conglomerat of various tribes formed into warbands, "all man" consiting of tribes such as Hermunduri, Brisgavi, Juthungi, Bucinobantes, Lentienses, and maybe Armalausi. Later, after the 4th century, Suebi are also mentioned. The Hermunduri belonged originally to the Suebi, but it is likely that new Suebic tribes had moved westwards. In later times the names Alamanni and Suebi seem to be synonymous, although some Suebi later migrated to Spain and established an independent kingdom there.

     The Allemanni were constantly engaged in conflicts with the Roman Empire. They launched a major invasion of Northern Italy in 268, when the Romans were forced to vacate much of their German land in response to an invasion of the Goths.

     When the Gothic campaign ended in a Roman victory, Claudius II turned north to deal with the Alemanni, who were all over Italy north of the Po River. After efforts to secure a peaceful withdrawal failed, Claudius II forced the Allemanni to battle at Lake Benacus. The Allemanni were defeated and forced back into southern Germany, but did not stay peacefully for long. Next battle against the Romans took place in 357 AC in Strassburg, where they were defeated by Julian, later Emperor of Rome. But again, they did not give up and on 2. January 366 the Allemanni crossed the frozen Rhine in large numbers, to invaded (again) the Roman Empire. In another invasion in 406, the Allemanni crossed the Rhine river, conquered and then settled what is today Alsace and a large part of Switzerland.

     The kingdom of Allemannia, ranging from Strasbourg (Strassburg) to Augsburg lasted until 496, when they were conquered by Clovis I at the Battle of Tolbiac. As a result, the Allemanni were governed by a Frankish count and gave its name to the "French" while the Allemanni gave their name to the French for the word of "German" (Allemand).

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