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Simonswald nature reserves

Simonswald nature reserves

Autumn in Simonswald

     Simonswald has various nature reserves, namely,

     Zweribach: 94.3 ha

     Kostgefäll: 448 ha, a preferred place by many skilled mountaineers and climbers

     Bärmoos: 5 ha with a huge variety of rare plants.

     Simonswald's nature reserves feature avalanche forest (Bannwald) which no interference from mankind whatsoever - the jungle of the future.

     Simonswald's nature reserve is an area of importance for wildlife, flora, fauna, which is reserved and managed for conservation and to provide special opportunities for research such as the avalanche forest. Nature reserves were designated by the government.

     Today, Simonswald´s forest consists mainly of fir trees.

     Firs cover between 45-55 species of evergreen conifers. Firs are most closely related to the cedars. Trees reach heights of 10 to 80 meters tall and trunk diameters of 0.5 upto 4 meters when mature. Firs can be distinguished from other members of the pine family by the fact that their needle like leaves are attached to the twig. Identification of the species is based on the size plus arrangement of leaves, and size and shape of cones, and whether the bract scales of the cones are long and exserted, or short and hidden inside the cone. They are found through much of North and Central America, Europe, Asia, and North Africa, occurring in mountains such as Black-Forest and Simonswald in particular.

     In Simonswald, even before mankind intervened, the geological surroundings made it difficult for one type of tree to dominate. Some parts were just too cold, too steep, too dry, or too flat for them. Cutting trees made room for meadows with a veriety of plants. March starts with cuckooflower (ladysmock) followed by dandelion and crowfoot (kingcup) covering meadows throughout springtime. In Mai follows cowparsley and catchweed. Often, you will also find bluebell and harebell. On wet meadows you will find marsh marigold. Bulrush (sometimes called bullrush) typically refers to tall, herbaceous plants that grow in wetlands. However, as a common name for a plant, bulrush can mean very different things in different parts of the world.Teazle and Genista are other common plants in Simonswald.

     In Simonswald forest there are various species of deer. Deer are selective feeders with high nutrition requirements. Deer go for easily digestible shoots, young leaves, fresh grasses, and therefore are a major threat to young trees. Deer in Simonswald have had a long significance to humans as a source of protein. Deer meat, nowadays widely served in restaurants throughout Simonswald, is called venison.

     To make nature reserve sustainable, game must be hunted. Small game includes rabbits, pheasants, and deer. A single small game license may cover all small game species and be subject to daily and yearly limits. Large game includes animals like deer are often subject to individual licensing where a separate license is required for each individual animal taken.

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